This EFSA report looks at the spread of African Swine Fever (ASF) in affected EU Member States in the EU and two neighbouring countries for the period from 1 September 2020 to 31 August 2021.
This report provides a descriptive analysis of the African swine fever (ASF) Genotype II0 epidemic as it continued to spread in wild boar in the EU. It entered Germany in September 2020, while Belgium became free from ASF in October 2020. No ASF outbreaks in domestic pigs nor cases in wild boar have been reported in Greece since February 2020. In the Baltic States, overall, there has been a declining trend in proportions of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)‐positive samples from wild boar carcasses in the last few years. In the other countries, the proportions of PCR‐positive wild boar carcasses remained high, indicating continuing spread of the disease.
A systematic literature review revealed that the risk factors most frequently significantly associated with ASF in domestic pigs were pig density, low levels of biosecurity and socio‐economic factors. For wild boar, most significant risk factors were related to habitat, socio‐economic factors and wild boar management.
The effectiveness of different control options was also assessed. Read more HERE