This is a technical position paper for veterinarians on best practice techniques for horse1 euthanasia adopted in June 2021 by FVE and FEEVA.
When horses need to be euthanised, there are several matters to consider. A method of euthanasia is only acceptable when its effect is guaranteed. It must cause loss of consciousness before cardiac or respiratory arrest. Loss of consciousness can be achieved through medical suppression or mechanical disruption (captive bolt, free bullet/gunshot).